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paintings and art-collection blog

Monday, April 8, 2013

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French painter, draftsman, printmaker, engraver & violinist, born 1780- died 1867)


Jean Ingres was a French neoclassical painter, who considered himself the protector of French academic orthodoxy, and fought against the rising popularity of Romanticism.
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Self Portrait, 1804
 He also considered the leader of the Romantic movement, Eugene Delacroix, his artistic nemesis. Perhaps part of his vehement protection of the classical style of painting had something to do with the early termination of his education. At age 11, the French Revolution began, disrupting his traditional childhood, which became a constant source of insecurity. As a budding artist, Ingres was able to observe the many examples of famous artworks of Belgium, Holland, and Spain, which had been looted during the exploits of Napoleon, and were held at the Louvre.
Portrait of Napoléon on the Imperial Throne, 1806
 He freely borrowed from their classical interpretations and used the techniques in his own art, leading to many critics to accuse him of plundering the past. It was in this vein that his first submissions to the Paris Salon were received very poorly. Ingres’ humiliation was so deep that he vowed never to return to Paris. Throughout his early art career, his painting style, which emphasized the purity of color and did not employ the gradual shifting of color and shading as in Romantic paintings, led to many bad reviews. Ironically, it was only the Romantic artists, whom he so hated, that recognized and appreciated Ingres’s talents. At the end of the Napoleonic empire, Ingres found himself without patronage and penniless. He survived by illustrating drawings for English tourists, many of which rank among his best creations. In 1824, he exhibited his Vow of Louis XIII, which led to his critical acclaim and made him widely popular. Even his earlier works, which had led to his humiliation and disgrace, were held up as masterpieces, and widely distributed. There is a tale that one of Ingres favorite students, Theodore Chasseriau, whom Ingres considered one of his favorite students, upon returning to his teacher after a number of years, showed a tendency toward Romanticism. Ingres quickly disavowed his student and never spoke favorably of him again. His success has led to the legacy of Classicism versus Romanticism, and created the standard to which Classical paintings were held.
The Apotheosis of Homer, 1827
The Turkish bath
The Grand Odalisque
Odalisque with Slave


Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Romulus vainqueur d'Acron (Romulus' Victory over Acron), 1812
The Death of Leonardo da Vinci
 The Sistine Chapel, 1814
Roger Delivering Angelica
Napoleon's apotheosis
Jupiter and Thétis
Raphael and the Fornarina
The Dream of Ossian
Odipus and Sphinx
Joan of Arc at the Coronation of Charles VII. Oil on canvas, painted in 1854.
The Vow of Louis XIII

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