Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard, generally known by the pseudonym of J. J. Grandville, was a French caricaturist.He was born at Nancy, in northeastern France, to an artistic and theatrical family. The name "Grandville" was his grandparents' professional stage name. Grandville received his first instruction in drawing from his father, a painter of miniatures. At the age of twenty-one he moved to Paris, and soon afterwards published a collection of lithographs entitled Les Tribulations de la petite proprieté. He followed this with Les Plaisirs de tout age and La Sibylle des salons; but the work which first established his fame was Les Métamorphoses du jour , a series of seventy scenes in which individuals with the bodies of men and faces of animals are made to play a human comedy. These drawings are remarkable for the extraordinary skill with which human characteristics are represented in animal facial features.
He created the illustrations for Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoeand Chevalier’s Don Quichotte de la Manche. Grandville’s fantastic anthropomorphic figures combining human and animal characteristics have been considered among the sources for Sir John Tenniel’s illustrations in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland. It has also been said that he was an influence on Dore, Hugo, Kafka, and Walt Disney. Bibliography: Appelbaum, Stanley, ed., Bizarreries and Fantasies of Grandville. Les Fleurs Animées are a series of delightful Victorian prints illustrating flowers personified in the form of lovely maidens and their animal followers. Each early 19th-century charming female figure is richly costumed in the leaves, blossoms and garlands that designate her flower. She presides in an appropriate ‘natural’ setting, often surrounded by anthropomorphized insects and birds that pay her homage. This was Grandville’s favorite work displaying his fascination with an animated and psychological fertile natural world.