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Saturday, May 25, 2013

THEMED PAINTINGS - Portrait of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia, 1798-1860)


Alexandra Feodorovna, born Charlotte, Princess of Prussia, (July 13, 1798 - November 1, 1860) was Empress consort of Russia. 
Charlotte Prinzessin von Preußen  portrait by Gerhard  von Kügelgen

She was the wife of Tsar Nicholas I, and mother of Tsar Alexander II. Alexandra Feodorovna was born on July 13, 1798 at the Charlottenburg Palace, as Princess Frederica Louise Charlotte Wilhelmina of Prussia. She was the eldest surviving daughter and fourth child of Frederick William III, King of Prussia, and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and a sister of Frederick William IV of Prussia and of Wilhelm I, German Emperor. Princess Charlotte's childhood was marked by the Napoleonic Wars. After the French defeat of the Prussian army, Princess Charlotte and her whole family were forced to flee to East Prussia, where they were given protection by Tsar Alexander I. Soon, Berlin fell under Napoleon’s control, and Princess Charlotte grew up in war-torn Memel, Prussia. Her mother died in 1810 shortly after Charlotte’s twelfth birthday, and for the rest of her life she treasured her mother’s memory. From her early childhood, Princess Charlotte occupied the first female rank in Prussia as the eldest daughter of her widower father. She would remain attached to Prussia and her family all of her life. In the fall of 1814, Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia, the future Tsar Nicholas I, and his brother Grand Duke Michael, visited Berlin. Arrangements were made between the two Royal families for Nicholas to marry Princess Charlotte, and on the second visit the following year, Nicholas fell in love with the then-seventeen-year-old Princess Charlotte. The feeling was mutual, "I like him and am sure of being happy with him." She wrote to her brother, "What we have in common is our inner life; let the world do as it pleases, in our hearts we have a world of our own." Hand-in-hand, they wandered over the Potsdam countryside, and attended the Berlin Court Opera. By the end of his visit, Grand Duke Nicholas and Princess Charlotte were engaged. They were third cousins, as they were both great-great-grandchildren of Frederick William I of Prussia. The wedding would not take place for another two years. Some or all of the above information was taken from wikipedia.org. To read more, click here.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_of_Prussia
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna portrait by A. Maliukov, 1836
Empress Alexandria Fedorovna,  Christina Robertson, 1851
Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Christina Robertson, c.1845
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Christina Robertson, 1852
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, Christina Robertson

Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, née Princess Charlotte of Prussia in traditional Russian court gown
Alexandra Feodorovna with her two eldest children, the Tsarevich Alexander, and the Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, George Dawe c. 1820
Reichel Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, Carl Christian Philipp
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, George Dawe
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, Franz Krüger
Alexandra Fedorovna by Brullov, 1830
Portrait of Empress Alexandra and Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Pyotr Fyodorovich Sokolo
Portrait of Empress Alexandra and Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Pyotr Fyodorovich Sokolov
Charlotte of Prussia, Pyotr Fyodorovich Sokolov
Alexandra Fedorovna by Brullov
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Fedorovna, Christina Robertson, c.1845

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